Energy drinks safety questioned by German agency

By Shane Starling

- Last updated on GMT

Related tags Energy drinks Alcoholic beverage Bfr

Energy drinks have the potential to cause liver damage, heart
failure and even death and should carry warnings for certain
population groups, according to a German body.

The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) analysed various human trials conducted over recent years that noted cardiac dysrhythmia, seizures, kidney failure and fatalities occurred after consuming energy drinks. It called for tighter labelling to warn consumers of potential health hazards. BfR said it had repeatedly advocated the use of warning labels for demographic sub-groups such as children, pregnant women, lactating women and caffeine-sensitive individuals, who should refrain from using energy drinks. It said consumers with high blood pressure and heart disease should restrict energy drink use and called for more "robust studies". ​ Warnings about the use of energy drinks such as Red Bull with intensive physical activity or alcoholic beverages should also be mandatory. BfR noted the regularity with which energy drinks were mixed with alcoholic beverages meant "persons no longer realistically assess their dwindling responsiveness caused by alcohol consumption under the influence of energy drinks",​ a problem the energy drinks sector had never taken full responsibility for. Such label warning were in place in countries like Finland and Canada, ingredient limitations were in place in France where taurine is banned. Denmark and Norway had banned or recommended banning energy drinks altogether. BfR's review took in products containing not more than 320 mg/l of caffeine, 4000 mg/l of taurine, 200 mg/l of inosite and 2400 mg/l of glucuronolactone. Consumption hazards ​ It noted that as far back as 2002 a scan of German poison information and treatment centres revealed energy drink-related incidents included seizures, tachycardia (increased heart rate), cardiac dysrhythmia, rhabdomyolysis (decline of skeletal muscle cells), agitation, hypertonia (high blood pressure), respiratory disorders and psychotic conditions. As well as citing numerous studies demonstrating the potential hazards of energy drink consumption due to different ingredients, BfR's report notes a number of case studies where energy drinks have led to adverse reactions including death in combination with alcohol and alone. The use of energy drinks as substitutes for sports beverages was also questioned. Sports beverages supplied, "calorific energy, are consumed in larger amounts in conjunction with intensive physical activity and are, therefore, associated with the consumer conditions which are specifically contra-indicated for energy drinks."​ The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is in the process of assessing the status of energy drinks, with an EU-wide approach a possible consequence of that assessment. "This could encourage EU-wide data matching and lead to the emergence of new findings about consumer groups who may be particularly sensitive to energy drinks,"​ Bfr said. "As far as exposure is concerned, it is pointed out that in a Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) expert report which is still valid, reference was made to the unit of 250 ml cans for energy drinks which had been the norm up to then whereas far larger packs are now sold internationally."

Related topics Ingredients

Related news

Related products

show more

Dairy proteins now available from Univar Solutions

Dairy proteins now available from Univar Solutions

Content provided by Univar Solutions | 20-Sep-2023 | White Paper

Foodology by Univar Solutions proudly partners with Leprino Nutrition as their North American distributor of nutritional ingredients and dairy products.

Clean Label Ingredients for Shelf-Life Extension

Clean Label Ingredients for Shelf-Life Extension

Content provided by Lesaffre | 19-Sep-2023 | White Paper

Product waste skyrockets without anti-staling agents and mold inhibitors. But consumers are scrutinizing labels more than ever before. How can you have...

Sustainability Claims Impact on Consumer Purchases

Sustainability Claims Impact on Consumer Purchases

Content provided by ADM | 07-Sep-2023 | Insight Guide

Discover what consumers say about sustainability claims versus what they do in the grocery aisle. Find out in this can’t-miss proprietary study from ADM:...

Cost-effective & efficient: Angel Prebake Solution

Cost-effective & efficient: Angel Prebake Solution

Content provided by Angel Yeast – Yeast and Baking Ingredients | 31-Jul-2023 | White Paper

After years of systematic research and practical application in the production process and essential ingredients for frozen dough, Angel's pre-bake...

Related suppliers

Follow us


View more